Minnan nanyin

Minnan nanyin
Regional traditional music ensemble genre
Minnan nanyin (southern Min music) is a regional Silk and Bamboo (sizhu yinyue) chamber ensemble tradition found along the China coast. When the Minnan or southern Hokkien people migrated to southeast Asia, they brought nanyin, ‘the southern sound’, to Taiwan, the Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, and later to Hong Kong.
Nanyin is played at birthdays, weddings, house-warming events, grand openings, memorial services, holiday celebrations and Buddhist and Daoist festivals (see Jiao; Gongde). It also accompanies the centuries-old Liyuanxi (Pear Garden Theatre), budaixi (hand-held puppetry) and kueilei xi (marionette). The nanyin repertoire includes zhi (finger) instrumental suites with singing, pu (notation) instrumental suites, and sanqu (individual songs). Instruments include the core shangsi guan (upper four pipes), paiban (clappers), dongxiao (end-blown flute), pipa (pear-shaped lute), erxian (two-stringed fiddle) and sanxian (three-stringed lute).
Beginning in the 1980s, the government sponsored nanyin training in Xiamen and Quanzhou and competitions to revive this traditional art form. Free public performances were given because they appealed to visiting huaqiao (overseas Chinese), who regard this music as their xiangyin (homeland sound). In Minnan, huaqiao often invest in businesses and donate generously to rebuilding schools, temples, hospitals, homes for elders. Nanyin has now moved into chalou (teahouses), where customers pay to listen. Amateurs are gradually replacing professionals.
Few instructors use gongchi pu (notation), while many use the popular Arabic-numbered jianpu (simple notation) to teach students. Some dedicated individuals and organizations promote this music through the publication of new handbooks, compilations, articles, compact discs, video compact discs (DVDs), public concerts and educational programmes.
Chen, Bingji (1985). Fujian nanyin jiqi zhipu. Beijing: Zhongguo wenlian chuban gongsi.
Lu, Chuikuan (1982). Quanzhouxian guan [nanguan] yanjiu. Taipei: Xueyi chubanshe.
Lu, Chuikuan (1983). Nanguan jipufa gailun. Taipei: Xueyi chubanshe.
——(1986). Taiwan de nanguan. Taipei: Yueyun chubanshe.
Quanzhou duiwai wenhua jiaoliu xiehui, Quanzhoushi wenhuaju (1988): Quanzhou nanyin yishu. Fuzhou: Haixia wenyi chubanshe.
Wang, Yaohua (2000). Fujian chuantong yinyue. Fuzhou: Fujian renmin chubanshe.
——(2002). Fujian nanyin. Beijing: Renmin yinyue chubanshe.
Yeh, Nora (1985). Nan Guan Music in Taiwan: A Little Known Classical Tradition. University Microfilm International Dissertation Information Service.

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

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